In organic farms, only natural pesticides and fertilizers are used to control any pests or aid the crops. Natural fertilizers like Jeevamrutha, Panchagavya, Vermicompost enhance the fertility of the soil. Organic foods grown and processed by natural means are superior in taste and nutrition. Conventional food products use chemicals in every stage of production and use chemical preservatives and flavoring agents.
The health benefits of consuming organic food are obvious though scientifically not quantified. The consequences of eating conventionally processed foods containing chemical additives are scary. For example, many conventional foods like bread, pizzas have high sodium content and many soft drinks have high pesticide residues.

According to WHO, high blood pressure is the leading risk factor for global mortality, causing more than 50% of strokes and 45% of ischemic heart disease (caused by reduced blood flow to the heart) cases in the world. In India, blood pressure and diabetics’ statistics are even more alarming.

With improved taste, flavor and nourishment, the benefits of organic foods are multipronged. It’s a natural complement to a healthier life-style, and builds a stronger immunity to prevent health complications caused by the use of conventionally processed foods. Hence, the real benefits of Organic foods accrue naturally, over time.
Any certified organic food should meet established standards of farming, harvesting, processing and trading. In India, APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) regulates the certification of organic products.
Farmers are shifting to organic cultivation primarily due to rising cost of fertilizers, pesticides and other inputs. Organic certification bodies, NGOs, state government funded organizations offer necessary know how to interested farmers.

Changing to organic agriculture is simple with minimal cost and no permissions needed. However, there are norms for getting the farm and products certified. For more details contact www.apeda.gov.in
Organic farming is the way Indian farmers followed before industrial revolution. However, capitalistic world drove policies in the name of green revolution, which brought hybrid seeds and synthetically processed pesticides and fertilizers.

India produced around 3.88 million MT of certified organic products, which includes products like Basmati rice, Pulses, Coffee/Tea, Spices, Fruits and pulp, Processed Foods, Herbal Products, Cotton Fiber, Garments, Cosmetics etc.
The organically farmed area is about 2 million hectares, which is 1.5 % of the total farming area. Export and domestic sales are expected to touch $ 690 million this year.

Small organic farmers face difficulty in marketing their produce. Consumers need to be educated about the harmful effects of consuming inorganically processed products. In this regard, Government and Media can play a crucial role to promote farming and consumption of organic foods. Experts opine that organic farming is the way for sustainable agriculture.
Though not mandatory, it’s good to have the farm certified. Retailers should insist on certification for organic products they procure.

Consumers can easily identify “India Organic” logo on products. For consumers, this provides a product assurance, similar to "low fat", "100% whole wheat", or "no artificial preservatives".

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